Bagram and Charikar districts of Parwan province are the major grape growing districts in Parwan province with approximately 6,700 hectares of vineyards. Profiles of the target districts indicate that typical grape farmer has an average of 2.5 to 4 Jerib of vineyard. Both districts have a high potential for increased capacity through enterprise-led value chain enhancement. In Afghanistan grape are grown on soil-beds called “Jui”, where grapes are often in contact with the soil that spoils the grapes very quickly due to a transfer of soil-humidity to the fruit. In addition, it prevents the fruit from reaching the sunlight. Moreover, using the “Jui” system decreases the productivity of these plants. It take 3-4 years for a vine to produce grapes. Experience shows that trellising enhances the potential of vines to increase grape yields significantly with an improved quality. In recent years a number of donor agencies and NGOs have promoted improved grape production, with a focus on trellising. In addition, a number of enterprises have been supported to manufacture standard and good quality concrete trellis columns. Grape producers who are utilizing the trellising method have reported higher prices and higher production volume.
CARD-F has recently focused on the grapes value chain, in order to further support this value chain and to add more value to the locally produced grapes using internal resources to facilitate market linkages and export opportunities. CARD-F is looking forward to cover the whole value chain by providing the following services.
CARD-F advises farmers to prepare land effectively for the grape production. These advices are based on the international best practices. In addition to soil preparation CARD-F is supporting the farmers in effective irrigation, fertilizer application and integrated pest management practices.
CARD-F is supporting more than 150 farmers in Bagram and Charikar districts of Parwan province to trellis their vineyards on cost-sharing basis. These trellises are then wired and the vines are hooked to these wires, in order to improve grape production by providing a good space for the airflow and sunrays to reach the vines.
CARD-F provides trainings on harvest and post-harvest management to the local farmers in order to reduce wastage along the way. In addition, these farmers are trained in good practices of grading, packaging and sorting and marketing of the harvested grapes in the marketplace. After harvesting, the grapes are divided into three categories. The first category directly goes to the market for fresh consumption. The second category goes to the grapes processing factory to be made juice, jam and pickles. The third category goes to the raisin drying facilities to be processed as raisins.
CARD-F aims to establish a grapes processing factory in Parwan province with the capacity of processing 15,490 MTs of grapes annually into three different products; pickle, jam and juice. In addition, this factory can clean more than 11,000 MTs of raisin annually. This factory will significantly add value to this value chain.
Kashmish Khana (Raisins Drying Facility)
CARD-F plans to establish 66 raisin drying facilities in Parwan Province. So far only six of these facilities have been built. These facilities can dry more than 1,404 MTs annually.
Grading, Sorting and Packaging
CARD-F provides technical support to the local farmers to sort, grade and pack their products based on the international best practices and supply in the marketplace.
In addition to the support provided in the production and value addition process, CARD-F supports the farmers in acquiring market linkages and potential business deals by facilitating business to business matchmaking, workshops, seminars and exposure visits to the international markets. CARD-F supplies more than 17,000 MTs of value added grapes to the local and international markets.