Historically, Afghanistan has been a country heavily reliant on the Agriculture Production. According to a report by USAID 75% of the population is still directly or indirectly benefiting from the agriculture sector. Although Afghanistan has one of the most fertile lands for agriculture production, it had become an importer of the agriculture products during the last four decades due to distress and civil war in the country. Parwan province, a northern province of Afghanistan known as the largest contributor of vegetable in the local markets, had become paralyzed due to lack of expertise and modern agriculture technology and practices. People are producing vegetable in their kitchen gardens for self-consumption and low yield and lack of access to new practices eroded their sight for commercial scale production.
Comprehensive Agriculture and Rural Development Facility (CARDF), funded by the British and Danish government, has taken an initiative to introduce alternative livelihoods through greenhouse production to the encourage farmers to produce on commercial scale and recover Parwan’s reputation as the largest contributor of vegetable in the local markets of Afghanistan. CARD-F introduced greenhouse production in Parwan Province to remedy the situation and provide substitute imports of vegetable. As part of its greenhouse intervention, CARD-F is providing farmers with tools, improved seeds, fertilizer and greenhouse installation, trainings on land preparation, sowing, planting, irrigation, weeding, integrated pest and disease management, fertilizer application and best practices in harvest and post-harvest management, and greenhouse management.
Parwan has retrieved its lost identity as the largest contributor of fresh vegetable to local markets.
Commercial Scale Production increases the yield and reduces the cost of production.
CARD-F facilitated market opportunities at the doorsteps of the farmers.
Farmers can now produce with no fear for lack of market opportunities.
CARD-F is encouraging commercial production through these greenhouses. So far CARD-F has established 30 greenhouses, on cost-sharing basis with the local farmers, with a cumulative potential of producing 210 metric tons of fresh vegetables each year. In recognition of the large scale of production Nasir Faizi Brothers Vegetable Trading Company contracted to purchase all of the produced vegetables on market price from the doorsteps of farmers. Now the farmers can produce without fearing a surplus in production. These greenhouses produced an extraordinary yield leaving greenhouse production in all other provinces behind. CARDF aims to further support vegetable value chain in Parwan province and establish 80 new greenhouses in Phase II.